BN_num_bytes.pod 1.55 KB
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=pod

=head1 NAME

BN_num_bits, BN_num_bytes, BN_num_bits_word - get BIGNUM size

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/bn.h>

 int BN_num_bytes(const BIGNUM *a);

 int BN_num_bits(const BIGNUM *a);

 int BN_num_bits_word(BN_ULONG w);

=head1 DESCRIPTION

BN_num_bytes() returns the size of a B<BIGNUM> in bytes.

BN_num_bits_word() returns the number of significant bits in a word.
If we take 0x00000432 as an example, it returns 11, not 16, not 32.
Basically, except for a zero, it returns I<floor(log2(w))+1>.

BN_num_bits() returns the number of significant bits in a B<BIGNUM>,
following the same principle as BN_num_bits_word().

BN_num_bytes() is a macro.

=head1 RETURN VALUES

The size.

=head1 NOTES

Some have tried using BN_num_bits() on individual numbers in RSA keys,
DH keys and DSA keys, and found that they don't always come up with
the number of bits they expected (something like 512, 1024, 2048,
...).  This is because generating a number with some specific number
of bits doesn't always set the highest bits, thereby making the number
of I<significant> bits a little lower.  If you want to know the "key
size" of such a key, either use functions like RSA_size(), DH_size()
and DSA_size(), or use BN_num_bytes() and multiply with 8 (although
there's no real guarantee that will match the "key size", just a lot
more probability).

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<bn(3)|bn(3)>, L<DH_size(3)|DH_size(3)>, L<DSA_size(3)|DSA_size(3)>,
L<RSA_size(3)|RSA_size(3)>

=head1 HISTORY

BN_num_bytes(), BN_num_bits() and BN_num_bits_word() are available in
all versions of SSLeay and OpenSSL.

=cut