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<title>Configuration  l'chelle du serveur - Serveur Apache HTTP Version 2.4</title>
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<p class="menu"><a href="./mod/">Modules</a> | <a href="./mod/directives.html">Directives</a> | <a href="http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/FAQ">FAQ</a> | <a href="./glossary.html">Glossaire</a> | <a href="./sitemap.html">Plan du site</a></p>
<p class="apache">Serveur Apache HTTP Version 2.4</p>
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<div class="up"><a href="./"><img title="&lt;-" alt="&lt;-" src="./images/left.gif" /></a></div>
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<a href="http://www.apache.org/">Apache</a> &gt; <a href="http://httpd.apache.org/">Serveur HTTP</a> &gt; <a href="http://httpd.apache.org/docs/">Documentation</a> &gt; <a href="./">Version 2.4</a></div><div id="page-content"><div id="preamble"><h1>Configuration  l'chelle du serveur</h1>
<div class="toplang">
<p><span>Langues Disponibles: </span><a href="./en/server-wide.html" hreflang="en" rel="alternate" title="English">&nbsp;en&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="./fr/server-wide.html" title="Franais">&nbsp;fr&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="./ja/server-wide.html" hreflang="ja" rel="alternate" title="Japanese">&nbsp;ja&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="./ko/server-wide.html" hreflang="ko" rel="alternate" title="Korean">&nbsp;ko&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="./tr/server-wide.html" hreflang="tr" rel="alternate" title="Trke">&nbsp;tr&nbsp;</a></p>
</div>

<p>Ce document explique le fonctionnement de certaines directives du serveur
de base qui sont utilises pour configurer les oprations lmentaires du
serveur.</p>
</div>
<div id="quickview"><a href="https://www.apache.org/foundation/contributing.html" class="badge"><img src="https://www.apache.org/images/SupportApache-small.png" alt="Support Apache!" /></a><ul id="toc"><li><img alt="" src="./images/down.gif" /> <a href="#identification">Identification du serveur</a></li>
<li><img alt="" src="./images/down.gif" /> <a href="#locations">Localisation des fichiers</a></li>
<li><img alt="" src="./images/down.gif" /> <a href="#resource">Limitation de l'utilisation des ressources</a></li>
<li><img alt="" src="./images/down.gif" /> <a href="#implementation">Choix d'implmentation</a></li>
</ul><h3>Voir aussi</h3><ul class="seealso"><li><a href="#comments_section">Commentaires</a></li></ul></div>
<div class="top"><a href="#page-header"><img alt="top" src="./images/up.gif" /></a></div>
<div class="section">
<h2><a name="identification" id="identification">Identification du serveur</a></h2>
    

    <table class="related"><tr><th>Modules Apparents</th><th>Directives Apparentes</th></tr><tr><td /><td><ul><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#servername">ServerName</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#serveradmin">ServerAdmin</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#serversignature">ServerSignature</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#servertokens">ServerTokens</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#usecanonicalname">UseCanonicalName</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#usecanonicalphysicalport">UseCanonicalPhysicalPort</a></code></li></ul></td></tr></table>

    <p>Les directives <code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#serveradmin">ServerAdmin</a></code> et
    <code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#servertokens">ServerTokens</a></code> contrlent la nature des
    informations  propos du serveur qui seront affiches dans les documents
    gnrs par le serveur comme les messages d'erreur. La directive
    <code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#servertokens">ServerTokens</a></code> dfinit la valeur du
    champ d'en-tte de la rponse du serveur HTTP.</p>

    <p>Le serveur utilise les directives
    <code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#servername">ServerName</a></code>,
    <code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#usecanonicalname">UseCanonicalName</a></code> et
    <code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#usecanonicalphysicalport">UseCanonicalPhysicalPort</a></code> pour
    dterminer la manire de construire des URLs vers ses propres ressources.
    Par exemple, quand un client met une requte vers un rpertoire, mais
    n'ajoute pas le slash final au nom du rpertoire, httpd doit rediriger le
    client vers le nom complet incluant le slash final afin que le client
    puisse rsoudre correctement les rfrences relatives prsentes dans
    le document.</p>
  </div><div class="top"><a href="#page-header"><img alt="top" src="./images/up.gif" /></a></div>
<div class="section">
<h2><a name="locations" id="locations">Localisation des fichiers</a></h2>
    

    <table class="related"><tr><th>Modules Apparents</th><th>Directives Apparentes</th></tr><tr><td /><td><ul><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/mpm_common.html#coredumpdirectory">CoreDumpDirectory</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#documentroot">DocumentRoot</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#errorlog">ErrorLog</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#mutex">Mutex</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/mpm_common.html#pidfile">PidFile</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/mpm_common.html#scoreboardfile">ScoreBoardFile</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#serverroot">ServerRoot</a></code></li></ul></td></tr></table>

    <p>Ces directives contrlent la localisation des diffrents fichiers
    ncessaires au bon fonctionnement de httpd. Quand le chemin utilis ne
    commence pas par un slash (/), la localisation des fichiers est relative
     la valeur de la directive
    <code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#serverroot">ServerRoot</a></code>. Soyez prudent avec la
    localisation de fichiers dans des rpertoires o les utilisateurs non root
    ont les droits en criture. Voir la documention sur les
    <a href="misc/security_tips.html#serverroot">Conseils  propos
    de la scurit</a> pour plus de dtails.</p>
  </div><div class="top"><a href="#page-header"><img alt="top" src="./images/up.gif" /></a></div>
<div class="section">
<h2><a name="resource" id="resource">Limitation de l'utilisation des ressources</a></h2>
    

    <table class="related"><tr><th>Modules Apparents</th><th>Directives Apparentes</th></tr><tr><td /><td><ul><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#limitrequestbody">LimitRequestBody</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#limitrequestfields">LimitRequestFields</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#limitrequestfieldsize">LimitRequestFieldsize</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#limitrequestline">LimitRequestLine</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#rlimitcpu">RLimitCPU</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#rlimitmem">RLimitMEM</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#rlimitnproc">RLimitNPROC</a></code></li><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/mpm_common.html#threadstacksize">ThreadStackSize</a></code></li></ul></td></tr></table>

    <p>Les directives <code class="directive">LimitRequest</code>* permettent de
    limiter la quantit de ressources consommes par httpd pour le traitement
    des requtes des clients. Cette limitation permet de minimiser les effets
    de certains types d'attaques par dni de service.</p>

    <p>Les directives <code class="directive">RLimit</code>* permettent de limiter la
    quantit de ressources utilisable par les processus initis (forked) par
    les processus enfants httpd. Elles permettent en particulier de contrler
    les ressources utilises par les scripts CGI et les commandes exec des
    "Inclusions ct serveur" (Server Side Includes ou SSI).</p>

    <p>La directive <code class="directive"><a href="./mod/mpm_common.html#threadstacksize">ThreadStackSize</a></code>
    permet sur certaines plates-formes de contrler la taille de la pile.</p>
  </div><div class="top"><a href="#page-header"><img alt="top" src="./images/up.gif" /></a></div>
<div class="section">
<h2><a name="implementation" id="implementation">Choix d'implmentation</a></h2>
    

    <table class="related"><tr><th>Modules Apparents</th><th>Directives Apparentes</th></tr><tr><td /><td><ul><li><code class="directive"><a href="./mod/core.html#mutex">Mutex</a></code></li></ul></td></tr></table>

    <p>La directive <code class="directive">Mutex</code> permet de modifier
    l'implmentation sous-jacente des mutex, afin de rsoudre les
    problmes de fonctionnement ou de performance dus au choix par
    dfaut d'<a class="glossarylink" href="./glossary.html#apr" title="voir glossaire">APR</a>.</p>
  </div></div>
<div class="bottomlang">
<p><span>Langues Disponibles: </span><a href="./en/server-wide.html" hreflang="en" rel="alternate" title="English">&nbsp;en&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="./fr/server-wide.html" title="Franais">&nbsp;fr&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="./ja/server-wide.html" hreflang="ja" rel="alternate" title="Japanese">&nbsp;ja&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="./ko/server-wide.html" hreflang="ko" rel="alternate" title="Korean">&nbsp;ko&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="./tr/server-wide.html" hreflang="tr" rel="alternate" title="Trke">&nbsp;tr&nbsp;</a></p>
</div><div class="top"><a href="#page-header"><img src="./images/up.gif" alt="top" /></a></div><div class="section"><h2><a id="comments_section" name="comments_section">Commentaires</a></h2><div class="warning"><strong>Notice:</strong><br />This is not a Q&amp;A section. Comments placed here should be pointed towards suggestions on improving the documentation or server, and may be removed again by our moderators if they are either implemented or considered invalid/off-topic. Questions on how to manage the Apache HTTP Server should be directed at either our IRC channel, #httpd, on Freenode, or sent to our <a href="http://httpd.apache.org/lists.html">mailing lists</a>.</div>
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