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<div id="preamble"><h1>Apache Module mod_actions</h1>
<div class="toplang">
<p><span>Available Languages: </span><a href="../de/mod/mod_actions.html" hreflang="de" rel="alternate" title="Deutsch">&nbsp;de&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="../en/mod/mod_actions.html" title="English">&nbsp;en&nbsp;</a> |
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<table class="module"><tr><th><a href="module-dict.html#Description">Description:</a></th><td>Execute CGI scripts based on media type or request method.</td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="module-dict.html#Status">Status:</a></th><td>Base</td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="module-dict.html#ModuleIdentifier">ModuleIdentifier:</a></th><td>actions_module</td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="module-dict.html#SourceFile">SourceFile:</a></th><td>mod_actions.c</td></tr></table>
<h3>Summary</h3>

    <p>This module has two directives. The <code class="directive"><a href="#action">Action</a></code> directive lets you run CGI
    scripts whenever a file of a certain <a class="glossarylink" href="../glossary.html#mime-type" title="see glossary">MIME content type</a> is requested. The
    <code class="directive"><a href="#script">Script</a></code> directive lets
    you run CGI scripts whenever a particular method is used in a
    request. This makes it much easier to execute scripts that process
    files.</p> </div>
<div id="quickview"><a href="https://www.apache.org/foundation/contributing.html" class="badge"><img src="https://www.apache.org/images/SupportApache-small.png" alt="Support Apache!" /></a><h3 class="directives">Directives</h3>
<ul id="toc">
<li><img alt="" src="../images/down.gif" /> <a href="#action">Action</a></li>
<li><img alt="" src="../images/down.gif" /> <a href="#script">Script</a></li>
</ul>
<h3>Bugfix checklist</h3><ul class="seealso"><li><a href="https://www.apache.org/dist/httpd/CHANGES_2.4">httpd changelog</a></li><li><a href="https://bz.apache.org/bugzilla/buglist.cgi?bug_status=__open__&amp;list_id=144532&amp;product=Apache%20httpd-2&amp;query_format=specific&amp;order=changeddate%20DESC%2Cpriority%2Cbug_severity&amp;component=mod_actions">Known issues</a></li><li><a href="https://bz.apache.org/bugzilla/enter_bug.cgi?product=Apache%20httpd-2&amp;component=mod_actions">Report a bug</a></li></ul><h3>See also</h3>
<ul class="seealso">
<li><code class="module"><a href="../mod/mod_cgi.html">mod_cgi</a></code></li>
<li><a href="../howto/cgi.html">Dynamic Content with CGI</a></li>
<li><a href="../handler.html">Apache httpd's Handler Use</a></li>
<li><a href="#comments_section">Comments</a></li></ul></div>

<div class="top"><a href="#page-header"><img alt="top" src="../images/up.gif" /></a></div>
<div class="directive-section"><h2><a name="Action" id="Action">Action</a> <a name="action" id="action">Directive</a></h2>
<table class="directive">
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Description">Description:</a></th><td>Activates a CGI script for a particular handler or
content-type</td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Syntax">Syntax:</a></th><td><code>Action <var>action-type</var> <var>cgi-script</var> [virtual]</code></td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Context">Context:</a></th><td>server config, virtual host, directory, .htaccess</td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Override">Override:</a></th><td>FileInfo</td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Status">Status:</a></th><td>Base</td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Module">Module:</a></th><td>mod_actions</td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Compatibility">Compatibility:</a></th><td>The <code>virtual</code> modifier and handler passing were
introduced in Apache 2.1</td></tr>
</table>
    <p>This directive adds an action, which will activate
    <var>cgi-script</var> when <var>action-type</var> is triggered by
    the request.  The <var>cgi-script</var> is the URL-path to a
    resource that has been designated as a CGI script using <code class="directive"><a href="../mod/mod_alias.html#scriptalias">ScriptAlias</a></code> or <code class="directive"><a href="../mod/mod_mime.html#addhandler">AddHandler</a></code>.  The
    <var>action-type</var> can be either a <a href="../handler.html">handler</a> or a <a class="glossarylink" href="../glossary.html#mime-type" title="see glossary">MIME content type</a>. It sends the URL and
    file path of the requested document using the standard CGI
    <code>PATH_INFO</code> and <code>PATH_TRANSLATED</code>
    environment variables. The handler used for the particular request
    is passed using the <code>REDIRECT_HANDLER</code> variable.</p>

    <div class="example"><h3>Example: MIME type</h3><pre class="prettyprint lang-config"># Requests for files of a particular MIME content type:
Action image/gif /cgi-bin/images.cgi</pre>
</div>

    <p>In this example, requests for files with a MIME content
    type of <code>image/gif</code> will be handled by the
    specified cgi script <code>/cgi-bin/images.cgi</code>.</p>

    <div class="example"><h3>Example: File extension</h3><pre class="prettyprint lang-config"># Files of a particular file extension
AddHandler my-file-type .xyz
Action my-file-type "/cgi-bin/program.cgi"</pre>
</div>
    <p>In this example, requests for files with a file extension of
    <code>.xyz</code> are handled by the specified cgi script
    <code>/cgi-bin/program.cgi</code>.</p>

    <p>The optional <code>virtual</code> modifier turns off the check
    whether the requested file really exists. This is useful, for example,
    if you want to use the <code class="directive">Action</code> directive in
    virtual locations.</p>

    <pre class="prettyprint lang-config">&lt;Location "/news"&gt;
    SetHandler news-handler
    Action news-handler "/cgi-bin/news.cgi" virtual
&lt;/Location&gt;</pre>


<h3>See also</h3>
<ul>
<li><code class="directive"><a href="../mod/mod_mime.html#addhandler">AddHandler</a></code></li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="top"><a href="#page-header"><img alt="top" src="../images/up.gif" /></a></div>
<div class="directive-section"><h2><a name="Script" id="Script">Script</a> <a name="script" id="script">Directive</a></h2>
<table class="directive">
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Description">Description:</a></th><td>Activates a CGI script for a particular request
method.</td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Syntax">Syntax:</a></th><td><code>Script <var>method</var> <var>cgi-script</var></code></td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Context">Context:</a></th><td>server config, virtual host, directory</td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Status">Status:</a></th><td>Base</td></tr>
<tr><th><a href="directive-dict.html#Module">Module:</a></th><td>mod_actions</td></tr>
</table>
    <p>This directive adds an action, which will activate
    <var>cgi-script</var> when a file is requested using the method of
    <var>method</var>. The <var>cgi-script</var> is the URL-path to a
    resource that has been designated as a CGI script using <code class="directive"><a href="../mod/mod_alias.html#scriptalias">ScriptAlias</a></code> or <code class="directive"><a href="../mod/mod_mime.html#addhandler">AddHandler</a></code>.  The URL and
    file path of the requested document is sent using the standard CGI
    <code>PATH_INFO</code> and <code>PATH_TRANSLATED</code> environment
    variables.</p>

    <div class="note">
      Any arbitrary method name may be used. <strong>Method names are
      case-sensitive</strong>, so <code>Script PUT</code> and
      <code>Script put</code> have two entirely different
      effects.
    </div>

    <p>Note that the <code class="directive">Script</code> command defines default
    actions only. If a CGI script is called, or some other resource that is
    capable of handling the requested method internally, it will do
    so. Also note that <code class="directive">Script</code> with a method of
    <code>GET</code> will only be called if there are query arguments present
    (<em>e.g.</em>, foo.html?hi). Otherwise, the request will
    proceed normally.</p>

    <pre class="prettyprint lang-config"># All GET requests go here
Script GET "/cgi-bin/search"

# A CGI PUT handler
Script PUT "/~bob/put.cgi"</pre>


</div>
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<p><span>Available Languages: </span><a href="../de/mod/mod_actions.html" hreflang="de" rel="alternate" title="Deutsch">&nbsp;de&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="../en/mod/mod_actions.html" title="English">&nbsp;en&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="../fr/mod/mod_actions.html" hreflang="fr" rel="alternate" title="Franais">&nbsp;fr&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="../ja/mod/mod_actions.html" hreflang="ja" rel="alternate" title="Japanese">&nbsp;ja&nbsp;</a> |
<a href="../ko/mod/mod_actions.html" hreflang="ko" rel="alternate" title="Korean">&nbsp;ko&nbsp;</a></p>
</div><div class="top"><a href="#page-header"><img src="../images/up.gif" alt="top" /></a></div><div class="section"><h2><a id="comments_section" name="comments_section">Comments</a></h2><div class="warning"><strong>Notice:</strong><br />This is not a Q&amp;A section. Comments placed here should be pointed towards suggestions on improving the documentation or server, and may be removed again by our moderators if they are either implemented or considered invalid/off-topic. Questions on how to manage the Apache HTTP Server should be directed at either our IRC channel, #httpd, on Freenode, or sent to our <a href="http://httpd.apache.org/lists.html">mailing lists</a>.</div>
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